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  1. Week 2: Sep 2 & 4 - Kya Carrington (Friday 2pm)

    Monday, September 2, 2019

    • Key Questions 
      1. Is college a place for credentialing and not learning or growing?
      2. What do you value in education? Why are you here?
      3. Why are students challenged when learning about racism, sexism, power, and privilege
    • "The Discomfort Zone" 
      • Gibney, a professor reprimanded on the school's anti-discrimination policy 
        • She talked about the noose found in the campus newsroom
        • Taught lessons on structural racism (white students felt uncomfortable)
      • Market method of higher education ----> instructors sanctioned when students are uncomfortable
    • What is the market model of Higher education?
      • College is a business and the student is the customer 
        • Customer has no responsibility 
        • Can make demands on business
        • Needs to be sold to "buyers"
      • Higher education becomes a credentialing project 
      • When the cost of education is on the rise, the demand/expectations are higher
        • Ex. Want to guarantee high salary out of college, straight into the field you want 
    • Does UVA operate like a business?
      • Advertising ("student friendly"), pictures of the lawn and not the actual classrooms 
        • Focuses on athletics and the beauty of grounds
        • "Glosses over" the history of the school, the slavery 
    • How does this matter for our course?
      • Universities want to keep (certain) students happy (and comfortable)
      • Students can avoid uncomfortable classes ----> lose out on growth 
      • Certain classes become inherently problematic 
      • White students struggle particularly hard with lessons on structural racism 
      • Women and minority professors receive lower evaluations than white male peers 
    • Bias and Professor Evaluations 
      • Female faculty receive lower course evaluations than male faculty, minority faculty lower than white faculty (Kreitzer 2019)
      • Male students give significantly higher evaluations to male instructors (Boring 2017)
    • Notes on Classroom Engagement 
      1. Expect students to be responsible for their attendance preparation, and success
      2. Understanding that discomfort is not oppression, but an opportunity for growth and learning
      3. Recognize racial battle fatigue

                      In discussion sections 

    1. Ask "Can you explain further?"
    2. Strongly hesitate to use personal experiences and only (with hesitations) contribute a sociologically analyzed anecdote 
    3. Aim for questions and not statements
    4. Elevate our self-awareness
    5. Recognize the professor's (and TA's) limitations 


    Wednesday, September 4, 2019 

    • Guiding Questions
      • Do labels matter? How?
      • How does language reflect power? How can language subvert power?
    • Margaret Love, Attorney
      • "A Plea to Stop Labeling People with a Criminal Record"
        • Impact labels can have on people with Criminal Records 
          • Convictions can adversely affect their employment
          • right to bear arms
          • limit ability to buy houses or get loans 
        • Highlights that newspapers use the word "felon" in their headlines 
        • "Felon"- ugly label, used to create distance, identify someone who can be easily discriminated against 
        • Using the label "felon" is counterproductive
    • Bill Keller
      • Founding Editor-in-Chief of the Marshall Project
      • "The Other F-word"
        • Very little public oversight of the criminal justice system 
        • "Labels of the oppression"- felon, inmate
        • Incarcerated Americans is what they want to use in place of "felons" or "inmates," which in Keller's opinion is too "politically correct"
    • Revised Headlines 
      • "Are Persons Formally Incarcerated Fit to be Lawyers? Increasingly, the Answer if Yes"
      • "Florida Republicans Push to Make Persons Formally Incarcerated Pay Fees Before They Can Vote" 
      • "How so Many Formally Violent Incarcerated Persons are Allowed to Keep their Illegal Guns"
      • "In Search of a Workplace Friendly to Persons Formally Incarcerated"